Alexander County was organized out of Union County in 1819. It was named for William M. Alexander, a physician who practiced in the town of America (the first county seat).
Alexander became Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives in 1822. The county seat was moved to Unity in 1833, then to Thebes in 1843, and finally to Cairo in 1860.
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On the east side of the Mississippi, East Cape Girardeau is the Illinois side of Cape Girardeau.
Thebes is known for being one of the places where president Abraham Lincoln practiced law. The courthouse where he practiced still stands today.
"I will always do my very best for the people of Alexander County."
– Zachary Gowin,
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